PLUG FOR LINER IN input to the building

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With the development of science and technology, as well as with the emergence of economic opportunities and the rising level of the number of human demands increase in comfort. Modern living standards require residential buildings create a very comfortable living conditions. The lack of housing some of the properties causes various diseases and stress, and a full living environment is a prerequisite for the physical and mental state of a person.

The urgency of the problem

In addition to heat, water, electricity modern residential building is necessary to provide and other options needed for a comfortable stay, for example, to carry out telecommunications and other networks. For this purpose, as a rule, in the underground part of the building provide access ports for input utilities. The technology of the organization of technical holes is quite simple. The formwork to do temporary plugs, which are dismantled after setting of the concrete mix. However, this technology has one significant drawback - through these openings in addition communications simply held water, which heat a little basement waterproofing therefore places input utilities should pay special attention.

Upon detection of leaks in the input field of utilities they must be eliminated by using mixtures «Peneplug" (or "Waterplug"). It should be remembered that the waterproofing input communications fast curing dry mixtures to stop leaks is temporary. Lasting waterproofing of this node must be performed in accordance with one embodiment, discussed below.

Technology of work

Variant № 1

Adjoining metal sleeve to insulated concrete mixtures using "Penekrit", "Penetron" and waterproofing "Penebar" harness.

The sequence of execution of works:

1. Preparation indent

Around the liner in the concrete perform indent depth of at least 75 mm and 25 mm wide. Clear and concrete pipe from shtrableniya residues.

2. Installation of the waterproofing harness "Penebar"

Degrease sleeve and tightly wind it tow "Penebar" in accordance with Figure 1.

3. Filling the indent (the space between the sleeve and concrete)

Indent around the liner tightly fill the mortar mix "Penekrit" pre-moistening the surface of the concrete and its primed mortar mix "Penetron 'in one layer.

The solution "Penekrit" and surrounding concrete surface treat mortar mix "Penetron" in two layers.

4. Care surfaced

The treated surface should be protected from mechanical influences and negative temperature for three days. Make sure that to the treated surface during this time remained damp. The following methods humidification: water spray, concrete cover surface of the polyethylene film.

variant №2

Adjoining the plastic liner to concrete insulated single-component polyurethane glue "PenePoksi" and mixtures "Penekrit", "Penetron".

The sequence of execution of works:

1. Preparation indent

Around the liner in the concrete perform indent depth of at least 75 mm and 25 mm wide. Clear tube from dust, dirt, paint and other materials interfering tight adhesive bonding with the tube.

2. Filling indent (the space between the sleeve and concrete)

The space between the sleeve and the concrete fill tightly without gaps "PenePoksi" adhesive in accordance with Figure 2. If possible, the concrete must be dried before application of adhesive.

The remaining space around the liner tightly fill the mortar mix "Penekrit" pre-moistening the surface of the concrete and its primed mortar mix "Penetron 'in one layer.

The solution "Penekrit" and surrounding concrete surface treat mortar mix "Penetron" in two layers.

3. Care surfaced

The treated surface should be protected from mechanical influences and negative temperature for three days. Make sure that to the treated surface during this time remained damp. The following methods humidification: water spray, concrete cover surface of the polyethylene film.

option №3

Junction sleeve of plastic or metal to concrete isolated using a two-component epoxy adhesive "PenePoksi 2K" and waterproofing harness "Penebar".

The sequence of execution of works:

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1. Preparation indent

Around the liner in the concrete perform indent depth of at least 75 mm and 25 mm wide. Clear and concrete pipe from shtrableniya residues.

2. Installation of the waterproofing harness "Penebar"

Degrease sleeve and tightly wind it tow "Penebar" in accordance with Figure 3.

3. Filling the indent (the space between the pipe and concrete)

The space between the sleeve and the concrete tightly without gaps filled with adhesive "PenePoksi 2K" with a spatula in accordance with Figure 3.

Important!!! Glue "PenePoksi 2K" is applied only on a dry surface.

4. Care surfaced

Make sure that during the day to the glue is not exposed to moisture.

WATERPROOFING injection sites of utilities

Engineering services - an important part of any home, apartment, office and any enterprise. Indeed, thanks to these networks, we obtain something without which a modern society can not imagine a comfortable life: gas, electricity, water, heating.

Everything for engineering services in the construction of special places are assigned and, in principle, put these networks is not as difficult. In the construction of the partition pouring concrete, doing a temporary openings, which are further removed and the embedded concrete.

However, if this technology can be a problem: due to the fact that the input space utilities remain poorly protected in the future they are often flooded, leading to the flooding of basements. As a result - is suffering the whole structure.

To avoid negative consequences should initially build reliable waterproofing in utilities locations. If still in the construction phase are not waterproofing was carried out even during the operation may recover waterlogged areas.

Elimination of pressure leaks

The worst thing that can happen to the engineering networks - is the formation in them of leaks. But even this problem is possible to easily and quickly eliminated.

For insulation and termination of the pressure leak good use of the materials or Waterplug Peneplug. These tools and quick-serve "first aid" in the event of a pressure leak. The undeniable advantage of these materials is that they are grasped in less than 3 minutes, with extended and cover the breach. Waterplug Peneplug and work well under water, which is important in case of severe flooding, when you need to quickly remove the source of leakage.

The elimination of the pressure leak by using these materials - this is only a temporary solution. In order to permanently protect the structure from moisture it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive waterproofing.

Scheme waterproofing input Utilities

For waterproofing places Communications input is necessary to isolate the pipe with concrete abutment. For this purpose, use Penetron materials Penekrit and waterproofing cord Penebar.

First we need to make a recess around the pipe length 75 mm and 25 mm wide. Clear tube of concrete dust and debris.

The deepening is necessary to compact the waterproofing cord Penebar. In contact with water cord extended three times and prevent the further spread of the water. In this case, the wiring withstands direct water pressure, so that ruled out the possibility of leakage.

Thereafter, concrete is humidified cause Penetron solution that will provide even greater waterproofing.

Further densely fill the hole with a mixture Penekrit. This mixture is designed to isolate the adjacencies. It can also be used as the reducing component of the concrete wall around the pipe in case of damage.

The final stage will be repeated application of Penetron in two layers.

After the waterproofing works proposed method is necessary for three days to see to it to keep the surface moist and resist damage and protected from freezing temperatures.

Thanks to this scheme, waterproofing operations in the field of engineering networks input eliminated the problem of leakage, the formation of leaks and cracks. Penetron waterproofing material does not require re of the work and will serve as much as the entire building as a whole.

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The plug pipe 15 × 15 flat black

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Plug for flat black pipe 15h30

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Cap round black DN10

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The plug pipe 16 mm round black

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Plug for flat gray pipe 15h30

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In our online store offers a wide range of caps for tubes with different cross-sectional shape:

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  1. Production stub pipe of any size and complexity of the customer's drawings;
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  • extend the life of the pipe. The plug protects the inside of the tube from the raw water, dust, dirt, foreign objects, insects;
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PASS WIRES AND CABLES through walls and ceilings. WHAT SHOULD ...

When a wiring and cable lines, often have to solve the problem of how to hold the wire or cable through the exterior walls of buildings and interior partitions. By the passage of electrical conductors through the obstacles presented many requirements and is very important to follow each of them, because it affects not only the ease of repair and replacement of wiring, but also the safety of its use. In this article, we will tell you how to be performed cabling through a wall made of wood, brick and concrete in accordance with the requirements of regulatory documents.

Requirements for laying

Requirements that apply to this type of work are regulated by two main regulations. The first source - a SAE to be contacted whenever it comes to electrical device. The second document - SNIP 3.05.06-85, describing standards when constructing and installing electrical devices. Information on this subject is contained in the Federal Law 123, formulates the requirements of fire safety.

For construction and installation work requires a corresponding project. If you intend to pull cables or wires through walls, the project should include architectural - construction part. Holes that must have a wall or partition, through which envisages the laying of cables and wires must be identified on the design drawings.

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input scheme
input scheme

Key to the cable entry
Key to the cable entry

Carried out in accordance with the draft openings (holes) in walls, partitions, ceilings and foundations must not be weakened in the frame portions, which may collapse during use. In general, the gasket through the walls must meet the following requirements:

  • gasket must be capable to replace wires and cables during operation.
  • Mounting wiring must be ensured the impossibility of propagation through the mounting apertures of fire, smoke and moisture from one room to another.

The fulfillment of these conditions is ensured by compliance with the following rules:

  1. Laying cables and wiring through fireproof walls and floors made in pipes, ducts, or directly in the openings. At the same time, in the openings, without additional protection, it can only be installed protected (armored) cable. For information on how to carry out the wiring in pipes, we reported in a separate article.
  2. If the wall, partition or ceiling made of combustible material, laying wire products made of steel pipes.
  3. The space between the wires and pipes or ducts, as well as all backup frames and boxes, sealed. For information on how to seal cable entry, we were told.

The material that is used to seal the openings, should be easily removed if necessary. fire resistance sealant can not be inferior fire resistance, which possess a wall, dividing wall and ceilings. Seal with a sealing material is produced on both sides of pipes, ducts, doorways.

If the cable extending through the wall is made in the pipe section, its bending radius, if any, should not exceed the bending radius of the conductor used stamps (this parameter is indicated in the specifications).

mount technology

First, consider how to carry out the power cable or wire through the wall of a wooden house or structure of the timber.

The first step is determined by entering the place where the wall is drilled. The hole diameter is determined from the thickness of the steel pipe, in which a conductor is placed. Before you run the cables, the edges should be carefully handle a file to remove sharp burrs that can damage the insulation. For additional protection, the cable line, to lay her better ripple.

Wiring in the corrugation
Wiring in the corrugation

After mounting, to meet the requirements to the filling pipe. In this case, you can use an asbestos cord, wrapping them tightly cable and scoring in the pipe on both sides. The photo shows a wooden wall and laying the power cable through it:

Cable passage through the wooden wall
Cable passage through the wooden wall

How to hold the wiring through the wall and run the wiring is shown in the photo below:

Open wiring in a wooden house

Where:

  1. Steel pipe.
  2. junction box.
  3. Lining made of asbestos.
  4. Cable duct.
  5. Corrugation.
  6. Lining made of asbestos.
  7. Dual socket.

For example, the options shown how to hold the cable through a brick wall:

Application of the sleeve in the passage through the wall
The sequence of work is as follows:

  1. The brick wall is done opening the required size.
  2. In the prepared opening inserted corrugated segment (sleeve).
  3. The pipe is shrunk seal.
  4. The space between the sleeve and the opening is filled with mortar.
  5. The sleeve is passed through the cable or wire previously placed in the corrugated pipe.
  6. The space between the flexi hose and the sleeve is sealed one of the materials that meet the requirements of the regulations.
  7. By thermal effect (e.g., using a hair dryer), shall seal shrinkage, up to the full input space sealing the electrical conductor into the sleeve.

If the wall is made of concrete, the technology is the same as for a brick. The photo below shows an example of cabling through a concrete wall:

A cable extending through a concrete wall
A cable extending through a concrete wall

For industrial applications it is of interest inflatable seal cable technology. Inflatable seal chamber is made of a metallized laminate. Cable line wrapped seal, on which a sealant. Then the pumped chamber, filling the passageway, whereupon helium valve securely locked. How to complete the passage shown in the photo:

The use of an inflatable dock shelter
The use of an inflatable dock shelter

That's the whole cabling technology through a wall made of wood, concrete and bricks. As you can see, through the lay line of obstacles is not particularly difficult, the main thing to be familiar with the requirements for electrical installation!

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