Moscow - is constantly growing city. But along with numerous construction projects man destroys nature. In each city, home to rare endangered species of animals, such is in Moscow. The first Red Book Mockvy released in 2001, the second edition was published in the 2013. It turns out, are now 16 species of mammals included in the Red Book of Moscow.
"Animals need to save the past, it could be said." Let the nature "And what is now the nature as that nature does not, -.? Metro shared with his opinion spokeswoman Natalia Istratov Moscow Zoo.
She believes that animals need to preserve at least in zoos and nature reserves.
"And if it is rare and scarce species, then try vosstannovit If grants the special population remains, for example, about 30, then there is nothing to be done to restore the population in this case is impossible..", - says Natalya.
By the way, the following changes have taken place compared to 2001 in the list of rare and endangered species of animals and plants of the capital:
- in the Red Book listed 81 new species of animals and plants,
- Red Book eliminated 49 species,
- 5 types of recovered,
- 19 permanently disappeared,
- with the refined status - 16,
- mistakenly tunes into it - 9.
List of all mammals, listed in the Red Book of Moscow (as of 2013):
1. Forest polecat
European polecat, ferret or ordinary, or black polecat, or common polecat, ferret, or dark, or black polecat (Latin Mustela putorius.) - inhabitant of the Eurasian continent.
It meets in Moscow Brateevskaya floodplain, floodplain Krylatskaya, Kosinski lakes, river valley. Gangway in Mitin.
Or mushlovka (Latin Muscardinus avellanarius.) - mammal family Soneva rodent.
It meets in Moscow Elk Island, Izmailovo Park, Bitsa forest.
3. The brown hare
Hare (lat Lepus europaeus.) - mammal genus hare lagomorphs squad.
It meets in Moscow Brateevskaya floodplain river valley. Yazvenko, Biryulovsky Forest Park, Bitsa forest, river valley. Ochakovki, river valley. Setun River valley. Ramenky, Krylatskiye hills, Cherenkov, Mnovnikovskaya floodplain Skhodnenskaya bowl, Kurkino, Molzhaninovsky District, North, Kosino-Ukhtomsky, South Butovo, Mitino.
Hare (lat Lepus timidus.) - mammal genus hares detachment lagomorphs
It meets in Moscow: Forest Experiment cottage, GBS, Elk Island, Izmailovo Park, Kuzminki Forest Park, Forest Park Biryulovsky, Bitsa forest Serebryanyi forestry, forest Aloshkinsky.
5. Brandt's bat
Brandt's bat (Latin Myotis brandtii.) - a small genus Myotis bat.
It meets in Moscow Lefortovo Park, Sparrow Hills, Elk Island.
Water vole, or (European) water rat (Lat Arvicola amphibius.) - an amphibious mammal family Khomyakov.
7. common noctule
Common noctule (Latin Nyctalus noctula.) - view vechornytsi, common and widespread in Russia.
It meets in Moscow Elk Island, Izmailovo Park, Znamenskoye-Sadki, Fili-Kuntsevo park, Krylatskiye hills.
8. Forest Bat
Or bat Natuziusa (lat Pipistrellus nathusii.) - a small bat family Vespertilionidae.
It meets in Moscow Elk Island, Serebryany forestry.
9. The Daubenton's bat
Or Dobantona moth (lat Myotis daubentonii.) - form Eurasian bats genus moth (Myotis) family vesper bat (Vespertilionidae).
It meets in Moscow Lefortovo Park, Boring garden, Sparrow Hills.
10. Common shrew
Or water shrew, or water shrew (Latin Neomys fodiens.) - Trans-species of mammals kind of shrew.
It meets in Moscow Elk Island, Izmailovo Park, Fili-Kuntsevo park, Krylatskaya floodplain.
11. Forest birch mouse
Forest birch mouse (Latin Sicista betulina.) - mammal genus myshovok rodent.
It meets in Moscow Elk Island, Izmailovo Park.
12. Brown long-eared bat
Brown or ordinary eared bat (lat Plecotus auritus.) - one of the species from the family of ordinary Ushanov bats (Vespertillionidae).
It meets in Moscow Elk Island, Lefortovo Park, Sparrow Hills.
Or two-colored bat (Latin Vespertilio murinus.) - a medium-sized bat of Vespertilio family.
Meets in Moscow Lefortovo Park, Boring garden, Sparrow Hills, the Garden Ring, Northern Butovo.
14. European Hedgehog
Or European hedgehog (Latin: Erinaceus europaeus.) - mammal genus of Eurasian hedgehogs family tight.
It meets in Moscow Elk Island, Kuzminki Forest Park, Forest Park Biryulovsky, Bitsa forest Teplostanskoy park, Sparrow Hills, Serebryany Forestry, Serebryany Bor, Shchukin peninsula, GBS, Timiryazevskiy Park, Ukhtomsky, Trinity Lykovo, Larino.
Or common weasel (Latin Mustela nivalis.) - predatory mammal of the weasel family, species of the genus Lasky and ferrets (Mustela).
It meets in Moscow Aloshkinsky forest, river valley. Bratovki, Teplostanskoy park, river valley. Ochakovki, Izmailovo Park, Elk Island, Shodnenskaya bowl River valley. Setun, Sparrow Hills, GBS, experimental forest cottage.
Ermine (Latin Mustela erminea.) - a valuable trapping small mammals of the weasel family.
It meets in Moscow Brateevskaya floodplain river valley. Yazvenko, Troparovsky park, Krylatskaya floodplain Mnovnikovskaya floodplain river valley. Gangway in Mitin.
Do you think you need to do to help the animals survive?
Svetlana , student , 18 years old:
- To begin to arrange a flash mob \\ rally in defense of animals! For example, in the city often hosts fairs coats. You can stand with the relevant placards and chants with the type of "Do not wear yourself to a corpse", "Will you buy a fur coat - you're a murderer." We should at least try to bring the people, so it's not longer go. It is necessary to protect the environment and our smaller brethren.
Elena, the manager , 35 years:
- It is necessary to strengthen measures against the killing of rare animals. Fined. Fire officials, who somehow facilitates poaching. Make hunting more accessible to the local population. Cooperate with the local population, to know for sure that those involved in poaching.
Alex, a security guard, 38 years old:
- It is necessary to give up the money. That is not to use them. The financial world collapse, the industry, too. And all the animals remain. I do not take money. Almost!
RED BOOK OF MOSCOW REGION. PLANTS . PART 2 - MUSHROOMS
In the second part of the photo story about the representatives of flora suburbs, which are listed in the regional Red Book, we will focus on dicotyledonous plants.
Solar Flower - Adonis (Adonis) spring (Adonis vernalis L. (1753)) - Silver-Prudsk District. 2nd category (type, a decreasing). In the Moscow region it is located on the northern border of the range and is known only to the black earth of the south-silver Prudskoy area.
Bearberry or Bear berry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng (1825).) - Taldomsky area
Clematis recta (Clematis recta L. (1753)) in the fruit - Kolomna district. 2nd category (type, a decreasing). In the Moscow region it is located on the northern border of the range. Rare, in places of habitat can form thickets.
Litvinov larkspur (Delphinium litwinovii Sambuk (1929)) - Kolomna district. 3rd category (a rare species, distributed in a limited area). Endemic central and southern East European plain (from basin. Dnepr to Zavolzhja). In the Moscow region it is located on the northern border of the range.
Andrzeevski carnation (Dianthus andrzejowskianus (Zapal) Kulcz (1921)..) - Silver-Prudsk District
Fruit crowberry (crowberry, Siksa) black (Empetrum nigrum L. (1753)) - Volokolamsk area. Category 1 (species threatened with extinction). In the Moscow region it is located on the southern boundary of the area and is very rare. It grows in the bogs, as well as sphagnum pine forest on the shore of the lake.
Hypericum neat (Hypericum elegans Stephan ex Willd (1802)..) - Silver-Prudsky area. 3rd category (rare species). In the Moscow region is located on the northern border of the range is known from two isolated chambers. Grows on steppe meadows, dry limestone slopes.
Hungarian catnip (Nepeta pannonica L. (1753)) - Kolomensky area. 2nd category (type, a decreasing). In the Moscow region it is located on the northern border area, known through the valley of the river Oka and its tributaries. Rare, it grows in small groups. There is a trend to reduce the size, in particular, for shrubs overgrowing steppized grassland and forest.
Omphalodes curled, or creeping (Omphalodes scorpioides (Haenke) Schrank (1812)) - Moscow, Kuntsevo. 3rd category (rare species). Biennial, flowering in early spring (April-May) and after the middle of summer, the dying. It occurs mainly at the slopes of the river valleys in areas with the high carbonate rocks in broadleaf and mixed forests.
Mytnik Kaufman (Pedicularis kaufmannii Pinzger (1868)) - Ramenskoye district. 3rd category (rare species). It grows on the slopes of the river valleys in areas with shallow limestone. There are more than dozens of three locations, but the total number in the field tends to decrease.
Pulmonaria angustifolia and Bombilius sp.
Medunitsa angustifolia (Pulmonaria angustifolia L. (1753)) and the fly buzzing (Bombilius sp) - Silver-area Prudsky
Sleep-grass, or Pulsatilla disclosed (Pulsatilla patens (L.) Mill (1768).) - Silver-Prudsky area. 2nd category (type, a decreasing). It reproduces solely by seeds, which are able to grow only in places devoid of ground cover. Seedlings develop slowly, forming in the first years of life is only 1-2 leaves.
Utricularia intermedia (stems) and Utricularia sp. (flower)
Stems average Pemphigus (Utricularia intermedia Hayne (1800)), and pemphigus vulgaris flower / South (Utricularia vulgaris / australis) - Klin district
RED BOOK OF MOSCOW REGION - RED BOOK RUSSIA
The Red Book of Moscow Region is the official publication that provides protection for all kinds of plants, animals and birds listed in it. The publication is updated every 10 years, which is associated with the growing human impact on the nature of the suburbs. Find out what are the most interesting and rare animal species can be found in the forests of the area.
This Count Dracula miniature is representative of one of the most poorly known species of bats in the world! Moreover - this is the only type of flying mammals. Vecheritsu can meet in parks and forests of the Moscow region, but the area of its habitat is rapidly shrinking. The reason for that - deforestation and the expansion of residential areas near Moscow.
Rare, relict species of insectivores. In the past, the range of this funny animal with a thin nose - proboscis and quite "weighty" tail-fin was quite extensive: almost all of Europe, the British Isles. The number of muskrat seriously crippled its production, as well as deforestation and the draining of ponds - small animal can only live in flood waters. On the earth's surface to move quickly muskrat can not lose agility and quickly becomes the victim of predators. Desman also need plenty of food despite the fact that the adult individual reaches 18-22 cm, can easily eat twice their weight. And winter animal does not shrink, and small fish.
The largest family's small representative dormice - adult body length of 18 cm, can weigh up to 180 grams. Externally similar to the sleepy little squirrel, but without the brushes on the ears. Loir prefers deciduous and mixed forests, is a vegetarian - the diet of the animal consists of seeds, nuts and berries. Sonia lives up to its name - hibernation in animals lasts up to seven months. Previously, animals were exterminated for their fur and meat - perhaps this is the only kind of edible dormice. Also, uneven and small resettlement Sony-polchka contributes to industrial factors - deforestation and the expansion of the boundaries of the Moscow region.
The smallest of all Suslikov. It has variegated coloring - yellow or brown abdomen, back scattered white, gray, brown, round spots - a real natural camouflage cloak! View is on the verge of extinction due to the plowing of the land (that is ruining their burrows). Also before the 1980s was carried out aimed at gophers destructive measures using chemicals - impaired animal farming. But now, because of its small size, this type of ground squirrel much damage to agriculture is not.
Yes, it can be found in the suburbs. Live big cat prefers the northern coniferous forests in wilderness. Rapidly declining population of this species is linked not only poaching but also the extermination of animals that make up the usual diet of the lynx - hare and several species of ungulates. The adult eats a rabbit every two to four days, young (usually in the litter kitten 2-3) need much more food. A favorite hunting welcome this large cat-lightning shot the victim. Contrary to popular belief, ambushes on trees trot is not satisfied, even though her legs are armed with powerful claws.
In the suburbs there are about a dozen permanent lynx, but often zahazhivayut and "guest performers" from the neighboring Tver and Yaroslavl regions.
The European mink
The representative of the weasel family is indigenous. Mink feature - interdigital webbing (the animal is a semi-aquatic lifestyle) and white breast and chin. Mink slaughtered for their fur, as this type of competition is the American mink, which pushes the animal deeper into the forest. The European mink prefers to eat only fresh food, she would never touch a rancid, so rarely gets the bait in the traps. However, economic and human fishing activity put this view on the brink of extinction. Nowadays hunt mink is prohibited.
This hero of folk tales lives in remote forests. In the den, they occur in December, wake up at the end of March. Brown bears - real homebody, prefer to live in a native forest. However, deforestation under the chalet buildings forcing them to move to the periphery of the region.
Surprisingly, newborn cubs are nothing like the king's Forests they are born helpless and naked, gradually overgrown with hair. Despite the menacing and predatory species, bears almost omnivorous, not disdain plant food: like wild garlic, sow thistle, and other herbs, overeat berries, nuts and acorns, wild apples.
Bears - centenarians, in their natural habitat, under good conditions, can live up to 30 years! Also, despite its known to all "clubfoot" develop speed in the run up to 40 km. at one o'clock! For sravneniya- adult, tough person can travel at speeds of 20 km. at one o'clock. So get away from medvedya- absolutely meaningless. However, well-fed and not sick bear on the person will not attack.