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How to make a frame of wooden houses with their own hands

How to make a frame of wooden houses with their own hands

Here, everything you need to know to build a chopped "in a paw" wooden house in terms of size 6x8 m (6x6 m - warm part and 6x2 m - veranda). This house is quite compact (which is important if your area does not exceed 6 acres), but quite spacious and comfortable for planning. However, we do not limit your desires, imagination and possibilities only to this. Realizing the technology of erection of a log house, using our practical tips and "little tricks", you can build any other chopped wood house according to your taste. All the construction work can be carried out together without the use of complex mechanisms. our description of practical methods of manufacturing carcass experienced master would have seemed too detailed, but the novice builder, hopefully, will help realize his dream into reality. Building a house with his own hands - is a great way to express yourself and outdoor activities!  

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Structural components and spare parts in a wooden building

Structural components and spare parts in a wooden building

Structural components and spare parts in the wood construction: Felling "in Oblomov". Bowl with "darkness." Floor. Ceiling. Profiling edges. The design of the roof. Shelom, roofing tos. Volokovaya window. Volokovaya board. Kosyaschatoe window. Kosyaschataya door to heel. Glaucus.  

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Felling "in Oblomov"

Felling "in Oblomov"

The most commonly used method in the wooden building is considered to be cutting " in the cup " (or " in Oblomov "). In this method, cutting logs outputted beyond the angle of 25 - 30 cm, because of which the dimensions of the house in terms of reduced to 50 cm on each side, compared with the length of the original logs. In this case due to the angular residues lose 0.5 - 0.6 m of each log, leading to overrun timber, but corners of the house wall is well protected from rain and wind projecting timber portions. In addition, frame configured logging "in oblo", is considered the most stable. 

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Felling "paw"

Felling "paw"

Deckhouse walls "in a paw" can be simple and complex. In the first case pins are used, inserted in the second - the root. The technology of cutting walls "in a paw" is different in that the log does not extend beyond the corners of a log house. This cutting technique called felling without a trace, it is more complicated and time consuming compared to logging "in Oblomov" and requires a skilled approach. All elements of the log with this method of laying adjusted very carefully and any deviation can lead to the fact that the house will be blown, and no seals will not help to get rid of this shortcoming. 

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Wheelhouse window crowns

Wheelhouse window crowns

Window crowns cut from logs truncated - short stacks, which are attached to the "deck" of the window or door opening (Figure 1.). To do this on the side faces decks choose grooves, which give birth to worm his way to spike the ends of the logs, which ensures nerazrezannost log walls. To comply with the vertical wall and to prevent gaps, the length of each short stack need to be carefully monitored, and to the door or window box is best to fix them by means of thorns, which is carried out on the ends of the logs. Simultaneously, the respective areas of the door frame is selected slot. The alignment pegs when mounting logs - short stacks do a bit more often than whole logs. 

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Strengthening the log walls

Strengthening the log walls

Stability chopped walls great extent achieved by placing internal capital (chopped) wall at a distance no more than 6.5 m when the diameter of the logs 22 cm and 8.5 m. - with a diameter of 25 cm At large distances between the internal walls of the external walls reinforce compressing or Korotyshev. 

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Log structure is a structure without a floor and roof and consists of several crowns stacked. The number of crowns is determined by the thickness of the logs and the height of the house. The crown is a rectangular structure, consisting of perpendicularly stacked on the timber perimeter fastened together at the corners of a locking connection. The first carcass crown is the crown of the accountant and collect it on the pads. The second is the crown of the lower rail, which crashed into the floor joists. Lags tightening the bottom plate and bear the floor, and the accountant for the crown strengthening sill and protects it from decay. The crowns of the sill to the window opening is called the window sill. After they laid wreaths window, and then - nadokonnye.  

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Home from a bar

Home from a bar

Beam is processed into four edge beam. The magnitude teplosberezheniya beam width of 16 - 14 cm has the same properties as the oshkurennye logs with a mean diameter of 19 cm for construction of walls used bars of equal or different height rectangular or square cross section, with cut or oblivnye (treated as facets) ends. . Thus substantial height values ​​timber has, and has only the effect on the number of seams, heat-saving properties of which are lower than solid wood. The width of the beams is adjusted depending on the estimated outside air temperature. 

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Konopatka chopped walls

Konopatka chopped walls

A layer of insulation (moss, hemp, felt, etc.) laid in the process of building a log house, it does not give a full guarantee against bubbling, so home caulk after the end of construction. Also, a chopped walls is such that in operation they produce a significant shrinkage, which leads to the appearance of gaps between the beams or beams and, consequently, to reduce their heat-insulation properties. To eliminate this phenomenon carried konopatku walls, which is performed for the first time after the construction of a log house, and after 1 - 1.5 years. There are two types of seals log walls "in the set" and "stretching".

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HOW TO MAKE Log houses Wooden houses OWN HANDS


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