Balusters Wood: concept, types, rules of selection and installation

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Balusters Wood: concept, types, rules of selection and installation

Balusters - important architectural elements of the ladder, acting as the vertical handrail support. Products have a number of technological features of production. Aesthetically attractive balusters made of wood have many variations, and structural features. Products produced from different wood species. Possible independent production.

Balusters Wood: concept, types, rules of selection and installation

Wooden balusters help make ladder structure more rigid and safe

Balusters for stairs made of wood: description and purpose

Appropriate products are designed to perform a number of important functions. Among them, it is necessary to allocate the safe use of ladders, as well as ensuring reliability and design more rigid. Attractive wooden handrails for staircases simultaneously perform a decorative and support functions.

The aesthetics of the wooden balusters used not only for the creation of stairs, but also for the design of handrails

The aesthetics of the wooden balusters used not only for the creation of stairs, but also for the design of handrails

Advantages of products:

  • appeal and energy of natural materials;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • excellent combination of different materials, accessories and styles;
  • a wide range of models;
  • durability and strength.

A very important advantage is that the baluster with their own hands is a reality. Thanks to independent manufacturing racks for ladders, you can significantly reduce repair costs. These products have a stunning appearance. Their findings may envy counterparts from other materials.

Wood - the best option for creating balusters

Wood - the best option for creating balusters

Also very important ecological security of natural material. Wood is not able to allocate harmful to human body and environment substances. Essential oils and organic resin included in the material also possess healing effect. Very attractive look in the photo balusters of the most valuable types of wood, which are also in harmony with other decorative elements in the interior of the room.

Balusters can be made of oak, beech and ash. The most affordable and easy-to-use plan are pine, birch and larch. There is a minimum of experience with wood will create ideal balusters, have besides the original design.

Create balusters can be independently and for this you need special tools and basic woodworking skills

Create balusters can be independently and for this you need special tools and basic woodworking skills

What is balusters: product classification

Balusters perform functions racks for ladders. With regard to the types of the respective products, they differ in terms of production technology. Available to consumers Photo balusters made of wood allow us to determine the most attractive types of products.

Variety of products by a method of manufacturing:

  • milling;
  • chiseled;
  • with the elements of thread.

Each option has distinct features. certain types of devices used for the production of balusters. This is the main difference.

The use of different techniques of processing of wood allow you to create a variety of designs of balusters

The use of different techniques of processing of wood allow you to create a variety of designs of balusters

The main difference between milling balusters - is the presence of the original decorations. It's about the longitudinal or helical cutting. Such products have a very attractive appearance. Because of this they are in high demand by consumers. In the presence of a milling machine, and certain skills such products can be made independently.

For the manufacture of turned balusters used conventional lathe. Such a device is at the disposal of many. In most cases, products have chiseled form of rotating bodies. Elegant appearance and ease of manufacture are primary positives balusters of this type.

Much more expensive than the previous two options are products with carved elements. They are characterized by a more complex manufacturing process. As a result, they look like the most solid and original. Produce carved balusters only on specialized machines. Such multi-axis devices require special skills from the master and at least some experience.

The combination of carved elements and expensive wood can create luxury ladder

The combination of carved elements and expensive wood can create luxury ladder

Thread types:

  • sculpture;
  • deaf;
  • openwork.

With the help of sculpture carved wood products can cut the real picture. Such balusters looks very bright and unusual. When deaf carving is very important background. It is present in all the images and patterns. Openwork carving is mainly used for slabs. Most often these products are used as decoration for various overhead items.

Carved flat balusters bring a sense of lightness and airiness of the interior

Carved flat balusters bring a sense of lightness and airiness of the interior

Balusters made of wood: the variety of products

The main feature of balusters is that they are in their appearance can transform any stairs. Most flea designs are also no exception. A considerable variety of cross sections and shapes of these products allows you to choose the optimal design.

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The shape of the balusters are:

  • flat;
  • round;
  • carved.

Popular are flat baluster which are made of plywood or boards. Can choose between one-piece construction or a single product. various designs and patterns can be used to decorate stands. This task could easily cope even beginners.

Balusters made of wood perfectly amenable to staining, which not only allows you to use them to create a variety of decorative effects, but also greatly extends the service life

Balusters made of wood perfectly amenable to staining, which not only allows you to use them to create a variety of decorative effects, but also greatly extends the service life

Helpful advice! It is recommended to select items for the classic square-shaped stairs. Severe forms give the design and all the house more solidity. Original deepening decorative nature are applied to the side portions of the racks.

The easiest option is round balusters with their hands, which have strict cylindrical shape. Parameters sectional products range from 2.5 to 4 cm. For manufacturing balusters better to choose solid wood. As a result, they are very durable and will serve their owners for a long time. These racks can be combined perfectly even with metal pipes.

Stylish and spectacular views are carved balusters. they are often called sculptural. Basically they are made personally. The basis is an expensive wood. Therefore, the high price of such products should not surprise customers.

For registration stairways in classical style is to prefer simple forms and natural shades

For registration stairways in classical style is to prefer simple forms and natural shades

Today there is an opportunity to purchase ready-made products and choose the attachment of balusters and stair columns, which are designed in the same style. They are perfectly combined with each other and create a unique look of the stairs. Search optimal variant balusters simplified by the fact that they are produced with different types of coatings and colors.

Combined balusters: characteristics

This type of product is a vertically disposed constituent elements. Their task is to backup the handrail, as well as additional stiffening existing fence. Such balusters have not only a decorative function. They also make the stairs safer.

Combination models include their own design, not only wood but also of metal sections. However, they do not look too bulky. Appearance of such supports is very attractive.

The combination of wood and metal elements create an interesting decorative effect

The combination of wood and metal elements create an interesting decorative effect

Manufacturers can convincingly explain the reliability, availability, functionality and aesthetic appeal that it is balusters combined and emit a lot of positive qualities of this type of product. It is about reliability, availability, functionality and aesthetic appeal.

The basis of them can be plated or stainless pipe. Its diameter may be 2.5 or 5 cm. The wooden elements tested before use necessarily the drying process in a special chamber condensation. Selection of paint and the method of its deposition occurs on the basis of the wishes of the consumer.

Related article:

How to calculate the stairs to the second floor: the main parameters of the calculation.

Types of ladders and their components. How to calculate the stairs to the second floor: the main stages of the calculation. Calculation of rotary and spiral staircases. 

What to buy balusters made of wood

To staircase has served its owners for a long time, all its elements must be created from the same material. Moreover, it is necessary to give preference to the same species of wood.

Choosing balusters should focus not only on the shape and appearance, but also in the variety of wood from which they are made

Choosing balusters should focus not only on the shape and appearance, but also in the variety of wood from which they are made

Helpful advice! It is best to choose the hardest woods. These uniquely oak belongs. This tree is known for its strength and nobility. Any product related to it will be able to for a long time to maintain its original appearance and natural characteristics.

The most common types of wood:

  • oak;
  • ash;
  • beech;
  • Pine;
  • larch;
  • Birch tree.

If there is a desire to buy a wooden baluster, the model of oak immediately draw attention to themselves through a unique dark shade. Oak without problems carries temperature differences and active exposure to moisture. Over time, this breed of wood products do not face the rot and cracking. An important advantage is that the oak easily lends itself to different types of treatment.

Carved balusters made of solid oak look presentable

Carved balusters made of solid oak look presentable

Despite the fact that the balusters made of oak have a number of positive qualities, this variety of wood is not the only one. An attractive embodiment is also the ash. In terms of texture is reminiscent of valuable species tree. Increased resistance to decay and moisture in a good light characterizes the ash. The structure of the wood is dense and elastic, whereby it is able to easily transfer even the most severe loading. Price balusters complete depending on the quantity and the technical features is from 5 to 12 thousand. Rub.

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The treatment plan is very convenient beech, it is also characterized by attractive external parameters. In terms of longevity and durability, this option is not inferior to anything, even the oak. Through the use of beech wood can actually produce stairs with his hands out of wood of the highest quality. Among the negative characteristics of the respective material can be noted only in susceptibility to deformation too humid environment, as well as high likelihood of subsequent putrefaction. To prolong the life ladder, you must choose carefully dried wood.

Much less for the manufacture of these products is used birch. Among the main disadvantages of this tree should be allocated a tendency to rot, severe shrinkage and cracking. On the other hand, this material is easy to process and has excellent strength parameters. In the future, birch can be painted and sanded without problems. Installation Technology balusters and handrail in the case of the variety of wood does not interfere even with minimal adjustments.

To create a ladder to use elements of one type of wood.  This technique will not only withstand the design in the same style, but also to provide a single performance

To create a ladder to use elements of one type of wood. This technique will not only withstand the design in the same style, but also to provide a single performance

A very common tree species is larch. The peculiarity of this kind of tree is that products made of it eventually becoming stronger. High humidity and warping are not able to be a problem for this kind of wood.

The most budget embodiment is pine. Today we can buy balusters for stairs of this type of wood at affordable prices. For one baluster of pine, on average, the market will have to pay about 100 rubles. Flat products cost a little bit cheaper. While it is possible to make stand on their own. Especially because with pine cutting mechanism is very easy to handle.

Helpful advice! For the manufacture of racks should be chosen carefully timber. It should be bars without knots, cracks and other defects. In addition, they must be characterized by high humidity. Too overdried wood, regardless of the breed, is quite brittle and lose their natural dignity.

For independent manufacturing and installation, especially if the skills to work with wood are not many, it is worth giving preference to soft grades of wood

For independent manufacturing and installation, especially if the skills to work with wood are not many, it is worth giving preference to soft grades of wood

Another piece of advice is that beginners are much easier to work with inexpensive wood species. The easiest way to handle the birch and pine. Walnut and oak are very expensive, which is why not everyone can afford this luxury. In addition to process them correctly can only experienced professionals.

The unique stairs with his hands in wood

The procedure for creating attractive stands of timber is quite complicated. One of the first difficulties - to find the necessary tools. To achieve this goal you need to demonstrate the skills and perseverance. First should carefully design the future design, then proceed directly to vytachivaniyu individual products on the machine.

Stages of creation of balusters:

  • design;
  • execution drawings;

Example ladder drawing on the porch of a country house

Example ladder drawing on the porch of a country house

  • search for materials;
  • manufacturing.

At the design stage should be sure to take measurements of height handrails. Experts recommend that this parameter was varied in the range of from 0.7 to 1 m. In order not to lose a number of racks, it is necessary to calculate the future distance therebetween. Then it will be easier to proceed installing balusters on the stairs, because all sizes will be clearly met.

In the pre-created drawing is necessary to make the exact dimensions of all sections and bends. Then, these data need to be transferred to the workpiece for future support. Each labeling for easy recommended numbered. It is possible that certain decorative elements will need to use additional cutting tools.

Layout elements wooden staircase

Layout elements wooden staircase

Proper installation of handrails and banisters wooden stairs

Installation details described actually can be done in several ways. Each of them in their own efficient and complex.

Mounting types of balusters:

  • boring machine;
  • studs;
  • spike;
  • screws, etc.

It is a popular fixture on the dowel. Original photo balusters for stairs made of wood with such fixtures definitely attract the attention of consumers. For a start they need to be cut from specially selected bar. Their cross-section should not be less than a quarter of the total counter. Dowels must possess an impressive length. It is usually equal to two times the diameter.

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Fixing elements of wooden stairs

Fixing elements of wooden stairs

Particular attention should be paid to basic and intermediate support. At the bottom of the holes should be done. Their diameter must correspond to the same parameter dowels. As regards the hole depth, it should be two times less than the total length of the article. A similar effect is produced on the step, where it is then it will be necessary to mount the balusters and handrail with his hands in the framework of the conventional technology.

Additionally dowel secured by means of adhesive quality. In the same way then it is pushed herself stand. The described procedure must be repeated for each baluster, then the ladder significantly transformed. At present, easy to find a video installation of balusters and handrail step by step, from which you can make a start during installation. These tips will help cope with the task, even for beginners.

Methods of installation of balusters on dowels

Methods of installation of balusters on dowels

 

Features balusters mounting studs

Not difficult to understand how to fix balusters on the wooden stairs to the studs. In this case, the lower part of the pillars also need to drill holes. Then they inserted a strong metal studs, which are categorized as tree-tree. The diameter of each such element is 8 mm, length - 100 mm. Another hole in 7 mm diameter drilled in the bottom stage. It then quite easily be screwed baluster with a pin.

Such a method of attaching a handrail to the balusters provides that as a result of removal of the rack pin would remain on the bottom of the tread. At each pre-marked spot is necessary to prepare the hole for the pin. The drill thus has to be 5 mm in diameter. All items should be displayed only vertically. Check the corresponding option must be at the level of assistance. If necessary, the height of the placement of individual elements needs to be adjusted.

Layout wooden ladder attachment points

Layout wooden ladder attachment points

Fastening balusters to the spike: Highlights and Tips

There is also a fastening balusters and railings of wood to spike. This method requires that at the stage of manufacture of racks in their lower installed special spike of wood. In parallel with the upper portion of the article is already formed an opening to grip the spike.

Each mounting location must be marked on a support surface. These notes will help beginners understand how to mount balusters, because the holes must be done strictly at the marked points in advance. Then they will gradually expand to the desired value. Thorn is supporting columns must be qualitatively smeared with glue. Only then it should be all the way into the hole. For each design element, this procedure is repeated.

The quality of the installation depends not only on the reliability of ladder but also the appearance of the whole

The quality of the installation depends not only on the reliability of ladder but also the appearance of the whole

 

Using the self-tapping screws and screws for fastening balusters

This mounting method is universal. Screws can reliably attach the baluster to the floor, the string and the steps. Screws secured equally effectively as wooden and metal products. In addition to the direct fixation method, this method involves the use of a support plate or podbalyasennika.

Helpful advice! To improve the reliability of the elements by using screws duplicate each compound. This should be done exactly to the end side of the step. Immerse the screws is best just below the surface of the board itself. Each recess in the latter you need to cover up with plugs.

At the end it should be noted that the balusters carved wood, the price of which may be significantly different, are a great solution for homes with stairs. The minimum cost of products can be 600-800 rubles. The maximum price reaches the level of 4-5 thousand. Rub. Much depends on the size and material of the product.

PRICE banisters depends on manufacturing material processing method and the type of coating

PRICE banisters depends on manufacturing material processing method and the type of coating

If you purchase these items, it is necessary to focus on certain criteria. In particular this applies to the manufacture of materials. As already mentioned above, most available in the corresponding one plane are birch and pine. Although the data type of wood and have certain drawbacks.

Important is the form and type of balusters. It affects not only the appearance of design in the end, but also its strength and durability. For example, a round section of the product are more resistant to stress than flat counterparts. When this second embodiment is very popular among consumers due to their aesthetic appeal. From this it follows that the right choices on the search for a middle ground.


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